Kefalonia is the largest island in the Ionian Sea. With an area of 781.5 square kilometers and a population (at last census) of 40,000. According to tradition the name comes from the first inhabitant of the island, the mythical hero Cephalus.

In ancient times Kefalonia is mentioned as the Homeric Ithaca, the island that is well known nowadays throughout the world from the Homeric epic. Historically, while the Greek culture and the spirit that prevailed in the next centuries, Kefalonia had its own special local character, along with the trade because of the location, this helped to have economic progress, together with the cultural prosperity.

During the boom of the Roman and then Byzantine Empire, Kefalonia "follows" the fate of the other areas surrounding the area, it was part of the dominant forces. Main source of wealth is trade.

After the fall of Constantinoupolis by Franks and especially after the sacking of the city by the Turks, many of the spiritual elements of the the civilized world went to the Ionian islands and in particular in Kefalonia, Zakynthos and Lefkada. It was the place were during the next years they grew the culture and the arts. During the period of the Turkish occupation the Ionian Islands experienced many changes in the sovereignty. The British and the Venetians did not treat the Islands as rulers but as protectors and cared for their prosperity. The Ionian Islands had therefore many privileges with most important the so called Ionian State and during this period the Islands literally enjoyed their autonomy. The contact with these peoples left positive influences, enriching their already complex cultural mixture. The Turkish occupation lasted barely seven years. In 1757 Argostoli became the new capital after after the Castle of Saint George.

With the freedom of the Greek area and the creation of the Greek State, a movement was created in the Ionian Islands concerning their re-union with Greece. The aim of this movement was to transmit the “higher” culture that the Ionian Islands had created into mainland Greece. On May 21, 1864 - a historic day for recent history, the Union of the Ionian islands with Greece takes place. This union takes the form of a gift by the British to Greece’s King. After the Union people move from the islands towards mainland Greece, and prosperity continues.

The two world wars undermine this prosperity, as many traditional buildings were bombed. The human personality of a people who has not met many wars is destroyed and culture comes second. During the second world-war Italy tries to unite with the islands and conducts infrastructure projects which still adorn the island. However, the German invasion which destroyed rather than conquered Kefalonia Island will give one more hit to the already wounded Kefalonian. With the end of the war many Kefalonians seek a job in cities in mainland Greece and abroad, and they establish successful careers as history shows.

source: www.kefalonitis.com

    
The island has many beaches filled with pebbles or sand. There are beaches with bars or beaches that are inaccessible from roads, but with all the same rugged beauty and variety of colors.
Apart from the spectacular natural setting for your summer holidays in Kefalonia you will find breathtaking landscapes and sights!
Taverns, luxurious restaurants, bistro, cafe, clubs and bars in every corner of the island for all day and night fun!